Thursday, 2 November 2017

Sinai Palestine Campaign WW1 - A 100th Year Anniversary


A posed photograph of Australian, British, New Zealand and Indian camel troops

    
In earth, once trodden by the Master’s feet,

They lie, their bodies now at rest.

They came from far,—the sea-girt isles.

The crowded mart, the hills wind-swept,

But now they sleep in hallowed ground

O’erlooking where, of yore, the Master slept.

  

Their bodies, worn by toils of war,—

The midnight march, the dawn’s swift, fierce attack,

Or scorched by desert’s sun, or chilled by rain,

By fiery bullet scarred, or naked, sword,—

Repose in dust, their souls, set free,

Are called to higher service by their Lord.


Today - 31 October 2017 marks 100 years since the Battle of Beer Sheba  -  vital to  and the beginning of the Sinai Palestine Campaign.  Yet is one of the least known campaigns of World War One. The campaign involved troopers from Australia and New Zealand   and those of both the Camel Corps and Mounted Rifles.

The Imperial Camel Corps Brigade (ICCB) was raised by the British Empire in December 1916 during the First World War for service in the Middle East. The unit eventually grew to a brigade of four battalions, one battalion each from Great Britain and New Zealand and two battalions from Australia. Support troops included a mountain artillery battery, a machine gun squadron, Royal Engineers, a field ambulance, and an administrative train. At its height there were 4,150 men and 4,800 camels.  3 of the 4 battalions were disbanded in were disbanded in mid-1918. The 2nd Battalion was disbanded in May 1919.

The Imperial Camel Corps, which included two New Zealand companies - 16th and 17th Company- were a vital link in the Sinai and Palestine campaigns. It is said between 400 and 450 New Zealanders fought in the Camel Corps. There were also those from the New Zealand Mounted Rifles – Auckland Mounted Rifles, Wellington Mounted Rifles, and Canterbury Mounted Rifles. Research has found that a number of those from both the Camel Corps and Mounted Rifles  also were in the Gallipoli Campaign. 


 
Reakes wrote on New Zealand horses endurance:-


"When the big Palestine push came in February, 1917, the New Zealand horses' endurance was severely tested. The pace left the camel transport far behind. At one stage the horses had to go 72 hours without water, and their sole allowance of food was 12 lbs. of barley each per day, and each had to carry a three- days' ration. This restriction to barley, with a shortage of water, brought on diarrhoea, and horses began to die. At this time the Brigade was at Jaffa. Fortunately some stacks of barley straw were found, the Quarter-Master General supplied petrol for a chaff cutter, and soon the horses had barley chaff, which helped to check the trouble. " (Reakes, 1923, p157)
 
Horses and Camels were an integral part of this campaign. The New Zealand Veterinary Corps played a very relevant role in this in the transport and care of the animals. The active service personnel of the veterinary corps comprised the following twenty-four officers:—
Lieut.-Colonel A. R. Young. A.D.V.S.;
Lieut.-Colonel H. A. Reid;
Major J. Stafford;
Major P. M. Edgar;
Major C. R. Neale;
Captains T. A. Blake,
E. C. Howard,
R. H. Meade,
W. C. Ring,
E. L. Siddall,
C. S. Simpson,
A. Taylor,
W. C. Barry,
W. P. Begg,
F. Crossley,
E. E. Elphick,
A. A. Johnson,
T. G. Lillico,
D. H. Rait,
W. G. Taylor,
J. Danskin,
D. H. McHattie,
J. H. Primer,
and G. N. Waugh.

W.C Ring was William Charles Ring - grandson of Charles Ring originally from Coromandel and whose father also William Charles Ring was from Hinuera. ( see Ring - three generations in Auckland Province)
       
TCDC (Thames Coromandel District Council) has designated one of the Memorial Forests on the Coromandel Peninsula – for those who died in Sinai Palestine – to be near Tangitaroria Lane, Pauanui. Trees have been planted for those New Zealanders who died in WW1 in the eight Memorial Forests on the Coromandel Peninsula organised by TCDC ( Thames Coromandel District Council) including the Memorial Forest near Pauanui.   


Tairua Valley Hills Coromandel Peninsula –   Photo  Courtesy Chris Ball 2015

Several of the Troopers in the Sinai Palestine Campaign had family links to the Tairua Valley. The following  list is, of those with links to Coromandel / Hauraki , who lost their lives in the Sinai Palestine Campaigns, World War One:-
  
Coromandel Peninsula, Hauraki , Matamata Piako Links Sinai Palestine Campaign WW1Those who lost their lives (   links based on Place Born or NOK or Schooling or Place of Work.)

ADOLPH, Victor Emiel
 
13/225
2ND Lieutenant
NZ Contingent,
 3rd Battalion
Imperial Camel Corps
Damascus Commonwealth War Cemetery, Syria
Family links Paeroa
Waihou
BALDWIN , Edwin
 
 

11/564           
Saddler
Wellington Mounted Rifles, 2nd (Wellington West Coast) Squadron
Ramleh War Cemetery, Israel
Ayun Kara Memorial (destroyed), Palestine
Waerenga  NOK
BISHOP, Claude William
 
11/683
Sergeant
Wellington Mounted Rifles
 Jerusalem Memorial, Jerusalem War Cemetery, Israel
NOK Morrinsville
BRUCE, Charles Daniel
 
57546
Trooper
Auckland Mounted Rifles
Kantara War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt
Links Waerenga
CAMPBELL, James Bannatyne

13/1013
Lance Sergeant
Auckland Mounted Rifles
Kantara Military Cemetery
Relative Thames

CARTER
Albert John  
 
13/2022
Trooper
Auckland Mounted Rifles, 4th (Waikato) Squadron
Ramleh War Cemetery, Israel
Links Waerenga
FLETCHER, Thomas Henry
62201
Trooper
Auckland Mounted Rifles
Damascus War Memorial Cemetery
Links Waihi NOK
GORRIE, Donald Buckland
 
17583
Trooper
 Imperial Camel Corps 17th Reinforcements, New Zealand Mounted Rifles
Jerusalem Memorial, Jerusalem War Cemetery, Israel
brother John KIA
family links Tairua Valley then & now
HARNEY, Jeffrey Arthur
 
13/911
Trooper
Auckland Mounted Rifles
Killed or died while a Prisoner of War
Baghdad (North Gate) War Cemetery, Waziriah Area of the Al-Russafa district, Baghdad, Iraq
NOK Walton
HILL, Claude Henry
 
16467
Trooper
Auckland Mounted Rifles
New Zealand Rifle Brigade
Ramleh War Cemetery, Israel
Link with Turua
HOLLIS, Charles
 
13/2336
Trooper
Auckland Mounted Rifles
Ayun Kara Memorial (destroyed), Palestine
Ramleh War Cemetery, Israel
At Waharoa
LOWE, Louis Henry
 
12679
Trooper

Auckland Mounted Rifles
Ramleh War Cemetery, Israel
Family Links Thames
LYES, Harry Campbell
 
13/1025A
Trooper
Auckland Mounted Rifles
Jerusalem Memorial, Jerusalem War Cemetery, Israel
Paeroa links
MANNING, Frederick
 
11/1827
Trooper
Wellington Mounted Rifles
Ramleh War Cemetery, Israel
Two other brothers also WW1 Langley Manning (12/402) KIA 1915 and Fred Manning (11/1827) died disease1918
Family links Paeroa NOK
MATHESON, Harry Mackay
 
306
2ND Lieutenant
Royal Flying Corps, Australian Flying Corps, attached 67 Squadron
Gaza War Cemetery, Israel

NOK Thames Smith
PIERCE, Arthur Patrick Hector
 
17322
2nd Corporal
New Zealand Engineers, Field Troop
Ramleh War Cemetery, Israel
Family links now Tairua Valley
SIMPSON, James Thomas
 
11/1596
Trooper
Machine Gun Squadron
Ramleh War Cemetery
Thames family links
SUTHERLAND, Hugh Charles
 
13/2084
Trooper
Auckland Mounted Rifles
Kantara War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt
Family links Matamata

WOOD, Charles
 
13/581
Lance Sergeant
Auckland Mounted Rifles
Port Said War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt
Link Morrinsville


Reference Source:

  • Reakes, C J. 1923. The War Effort of New Zealand. Auckland: Whitcombe & Tombs Limited Chapter IX The New Zealand
  •  Veterinary Corp http://nzetc.victoria.ac.nz/tm/scholarly/tei-WH1-Effo-t1-body-d9-d4.html
  •  Moore, A. Briscoe. n.d. The Mounted Riflemen in Sinai and Palesô€†źne: The Story of New Zealand’s Crusaders. Auckland:Whitcombe & Tombs Limited. http://nzetc.victoria.ac.nz/tm/scholarly/tei-WH1MRif-t1-body-d1.html
  •  Auckland War Memorial Museum Cenotaph Database http://www.aucklandmuseum.com/war-memorial/online-cenotaph
  •  Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Beersheba_(1917) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Camel_Corps
  •  TCDC ( Thames Coromandel District Council) https://www.tcdc.govt.nz/Your-Council/Council-Projects/Current-Projects/WWI-Memorial-Forest-Project/
                

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