Sunday, 28 April 2019

" Gold in them thar Hills" Mine Tour Whangamata, Tairua - on the Coromandel's Eastern Seaboard

" Theres gold in them thar hills "- looking toward old gold mine back of ranges Whangamata- Tairua - photo Chris Ball 2017

Into the  1890's, there was a revival on the goldfields on the Coromandel's Eastern Seaboard.
H A Gordon ( Henry Andrew)  Inspecting Engineer of the New Zealand Mines Department in 1896  found there had been an increase of  miners, and a great deal of prospecting being carried on between Waitekauri and Tairua. The success of the cyanide process for extracting gold was showing good results, with the Waihi Gold Mining Company adopting the process in 1894  and decision to construct the Victoria Battery in  1896  ( what was then, the largest quartz crushing plant in Australasia.)
During the 1890's, a  number of overseas  " experts", amongst them Mr. Schmeisser and Dr. Vogelsang. Mr. Schmeisser, a geologist, inspected mining properties on the Peninsula goldfields in 1896. Mr. Provis, local mine representative at Tasmania for the Anglo continental company is said to have visited the gold mines at Tairua, Komata, Whangamata, Karangahake, Te Aroha, Waitekauri and Waihi, also in 1896. In this year James Park, Thames School of Mines and H A Gordon Inspecting Engineer for NZ Mines Department were head hunted by the Anglo Continental gold mining syndicate and left their positions to join the London based syndicate. By 1902 Park  and Gordon had moved on and continued their mining interests in New Zealand with Gordon becoming first president of the Australasian Institute Mining Engineers  in 1903.

By 1899 a local syndicate  headed by Henry Hopper Adams purchased the Tairua Broken Hills goldmining company from the  London based company who had purchased the mine  originally in 1895. Added to Tairua Broken Hills  goldmining company was a syndicate for the  Golden Belt at Neavesville,  Adams acting as Superintendent and managing director. At a meeting of shareholders in August 1899 the first directors appointed were Messrs L D Nathan, Thos Morrin, W Gorrie,  B. J. Greenslade, John Hague Smith, Mr H. Gilfillan, junr,, legal manager.

Drawn by C L Kerry .NEAVESVILLE, TAIRUA. Taken from the New Zealand Graphic, 30 May, 1896, p621  Courtesy of  Auckland Libraries Heritage Collections NZG-18960530-621-1
 The drawing above shows what the township of Neavesville looked like in those years and later in 1899 when the Golden Belt gold mining company was purchased by the syndicate.
 The following  four years were busy activity for all the mines at Tairua and Whangamata. Roading on the Coromandel's Eastern seaboard was non existent across the range at the turn of the century. There were tracks across from Puriri and Hikuai  but these were trails used for mail and mining supplies that could be carried by horses. EG food supplies, The mining companies relied on coastal shipping to bring the heavy mine machinery, tramway railway iron around the coast. Up to Broken Hills and Golden Belt  as far as the Company wharf at the landing. From there it was conveyed up to the mines  In the instant of Tairua Broken Hills  a boiler, engine, and other machinery, a quantity of railway iron, bricks, and timber for the new battery at Broken Hills, some 80 tons. Below is a photo of the Golden Hills goldmining company battery which was near by to Broken Hills gold mining company battery. Although deserted by February 1914 when the photo appeared in the Auckland Weekly News, a good image is given of what the mine battery operation of  upper Tairua, Puketui valley looked like when operating.
Showing the old deserted Golden Hill Battery, upper Tairua, Coromandel country. Taken from the supplement to the Auckland Weekly News 05 FEBRUARY 1914 p044 courtesy  Auckland Libraries Heritage Collections AWNS-19140205-44-3
By 1906 the mines of Tairua Broken Hills gold mining company, Golden Belt gold  mining company, Mananu Gold mining Company and the Auckland Gold Corporation were operating,

During this period a number of directors of the gold mining companies had made a number of inspections of their mines in the Tairua  and Whangamata valleys.

In April 1906 H.H. Adams  arranged a " grand tour" of a number of mines over several days  Adams chartered the Northern Steam Ship Company vessel ss Aupouri to take invited passengers   -in the mines to Great Barrier, Whangamata and Tairua. Recorded amongst those on board were: H. H. Adams, Mrs. and Miss Adams, and Masters Adams (2), also Mr. H. Adams, Mr. and Mrs. W. Burton, Misses Westwood, Thomas, and Smith, Mrs. R. S. Bush, Messrs. R. Mitchelson, C. Hanson, M. Ransom, S. C. Tewslev, H. Gorrie, D. E. Clerk, M. Casey, B Owen, and  W. Frater.
ss Aupouri - the well known Northern Steam Ship Company steamer at Whangamata

First stop was Great Barrier and the Sunbeam Gold Mine where in true tradition for new batteries, Mrs Adams  performed  the ceremonial honours, smashing a bottle of liquor on the five stampers as they started.
Following a tour of the Sunbeam, it was off to Whangamata, fishing on the way and arriving early next morning. The mines were about seven miles up in the hills. H.H. Adams with superb further arrangements had a four horse brake and a number of saddle horses to convey the " tour party"  to the mines.
Adam's tour party mounted and waiting to leave. ss Aupouri centre back of photo
 The Auckland Gold Corporation's property Mananu mine ( formerly the Wentworth mine ) was visited. Then it was back on Aupouri  that evening for the tour on to Tairua. Fishing was the past time the next day. An activity always popular with the mine company directors, on many previous inspections, of the mines of Coromandel's Eastern Seaboard. Hapuka, schnapper and shark were reported caught off the coast.

A very early start up the Tairua River via two Northern Steam  Ship Company launches drew much interest and comment over the scenery along with noting at the time few logs in the booms. Reaching the landing saw a breakfast stop at the Tairua Hotel there.

01 February 1902  New Zealand Graphic by Walrond " Graphic" photo

Then via  horse to Tairua Broken Hills 20 stamper goldmine, the mill being worked by water power, along with  stamper beds composed of concrete.

Concrete Battery Relics Tairua Broken Hills Goldmine - photo courtesy ASB
Following the stop at Tairua Broken Hills goldmining operation it was on to the 40 stamper goldmine of Golden Belt, Neavesville. Also with stamper beds of concrete. ( H.H. Adams described this as the first of its kind in the "colony") ( ie. colony of New Zealand.

Then it was the return journey to Aupouri  and from here back to the Great Barrier. A visit to the Barrier Reefs Mine which was being worked by he syndicate that purchased the original mine. Finally back home to Auckland after the five day tour.

Footnote: To read more in depth account of the Mine Tour 1906 - newspaper articles - see below reference sources 18/04/1906 - 25/04/1906

Reference Source:
      Trove, National Library Australia:

       Papers Past, National Library NZ: :

Wednesday, 17 April 2019

Gardens, Garden Centres Whangamata on the Coromandel's Eastern Seaboard

Coastal Rock Garden Whangamata, New Zealand - photo by Jack Stewart

Tairua, Hikuai, Whangamata, Ohui, Opoutere. Gardens and gardening formed a relevant activity of residents living in the small settlements on the Coromandel's Eastern Seaboard.  Vegetable gardens and fruit trees helped  the food supplies for those early European settlers.
From the 1960's Whangamata became a fast-growing small town, with a mix of retired residents and bach owners added to forestry workers, fishermen and farmers. Tairua connected to Whangamata via a metal road  ( SH25) also saw changes. For both towns the opening of the Kopu Hikuai Highway ( SH25A) 23 March 1967, bought easier access to Thames. For some bach owners from Auckland on the Coromandel's Eastern Seaboard, easier access across the  one way historic  " old Kopu Bridge" and onto this new highway instead of the Tapu Coroglen Road.
Kopu Hikuai Highway across the ranges of Coromandel Forest Park - photo from Google Earth accessed 15 April 2019
 Changing coastal properties and growing populations led to a change in retail shops on offer. During the 1970's two new subdivisions opened up - one Watt's subdivision at Moana Point and the other Williamson's further subdivision know as Beverley Hills. These spurred the need for garden supplies.

 The first garden centre in Whangamata opened for business, on Port Road,  in 1974. Providing potted colour, seedlings for vegetable and flower gardens along with garden supplies. adapted to name changes  and owners over the ensuing 31 years. Owners of this Garden Centre were  Eric and Gladys Skilton. Eric made regular trips to Tauranga for stock. Their son Brevat became a plumber so the Garden centre diversified with the front of the shop area devoted to plumbing supplies and the rear to garden supplies, etc.

Port Road - also called the main street of Whangamata in the 1970's, consisted of two groups of shops - one near the Post Office and the other nearer to the wharf, consisting of the garden centre, a fish shop, a cinema ( picture theatre) , Rob Stewart's shop next door, a book shop on the corner ( no cafe's in those days but there was what known as the Slipper Milk Bar next to the cinema, providing the ice creams and jaffas to patrons at half time. The garden centre building of the 1970's was typical of that era in NZ coastal locations - fibrolite walls with iron roof.
Rear of Cottage Gardens 2001 - photo courtesy Chris Ball
 Into a new decade - the 1980's - saw new owners of the garden centre - Paul and Jan Shanks. The garden centre received a new name - Home Grown. By the 1980's Whangamata was well known for one of the finest surf destinations  in New Zealand. This was the  long, left-hand break at the entrance of the Whangamata Harbour - known to locals as " the Whanga bar."

Paul Shanks garden centre owner  had also become " captured " by this sport of surfing. Beginning surfing in the 60's, where the family would come to the family bach at Whangamata, Paul started working life working for Brian Weaver surfboards - a first job. Moving to Whangamata about 1975 saw a continuation of surf board manufacture - this time an embryo surf board  business with Kingsly Kernoski. Of course Paul surfed that long left-hand break in spare time.

Looking toward  Te Karaka Point and Whangamata Harbour Entrance area of
Whanga Bar and the famous long left-hand surf break - photo Chris Ball 2004
A Natural progression for Paul with his continued passion for surfing was, a garden centre one side of the building and the other Tubecruiser  - Paul's own brand of surfboard. Potted colour and garden supplies were sold in the garden centre side. Rob Stewart's shop next door had been replaced by Allan Boulton's Home Appliances - both premises meeting the needs of new bach owners. By 1982 Paul Shanks had moved on to new premises and surf board manufacture.

Homegrown - Tube cruiser and garden centre Port Road - photo courtesy Paul and Jan Shanks
 New owners of the garden centre - the Chapman's ran this from 1981 to 1985. With Whangamata town growing fast, shrubs became a main item - citrus fruit being popular. Sections in the1980's  were often  " quarter acre" with the long grass of the " sixties" making way for lawns and a reduction in summer months of fire risk.
Mr. Rawle on Whangamata in the Ohinemuri Journal 1981 wrote:
" Whangamata has a permanent population of 1,900 swelling to an estimated 30,000 in the summer months when holiday-makers from all over the country converge on the town. Fishing, good surf, and five kilometres of sandy beach, are only a few of the attractions of this resort."
This demonstrated a growing town of permanents.  
Shrubs - NZ Natives - photo Chris Ball 2002
Another change of owners to see during 1985 - 1988 Ray and Juliann Moffat. They traded under the name Garden and Outdoor Centre. When renovating in 2001, Chris Ball found the original sign tucked away in the fertiliser room. Ray and Juliann offered total garden requirements. An advertisement listed shrubs, fertilisers,sprays, bedding plants and house plants amongst  the many products available. Fertiliser was a must for the sandy soils of Whangamata on the flat.
It was during the 1980's that a pedestrian crossing appeared across Port Road near the garden centre. Along with a round-a-bout ( Hetherington Road / Port Road due to the increasing traffic flow, especially during the Christmas Summer Holidays.
North end of Port Road about 1988 - Garden Centre to right of photo
In addition, Garden and Outdoor Centre were also the agents for Sunnyside Florist ( a new diversification) and Allen's Septic Tanks. ( Allen's septic tanks were a necessary service to a growing town which was also before Council implemented a sewerage system). Diversifying even more - often a need for a small business in a coastal rural community to consider - Ray and Juliann also offered landscape design and construction. Popular for new residents developing sections into gardens. In 1988, the garden centre was sold to John McGaughran.
Whangamata from the Air 1988 showing the town's growth - photo courtesy Ben Williams
 John and Dawn McGaughran took over the Garden Centre from the Moffats and along with this came a name change - Cottage Gardens. Initially Dawn - a florist - was to operated a florist area in the garden centre. However this did not eventuate. John continued, adding pet supplies, stock food and caneware to the goods and services on offer. John's era of ownership also saw the larger hardware chains open on the Coromandel's Eastern Seaboard during the 1990's - Mitre 10 and Bunnings ( formerly Placemakers) at Whangamata and Hammer Hardware at Tairua. These chains also sold, along with hardware supplies, garden supplies, including shrubs and seedlings. There was also another  garden centre at Whangamata and Tairua.
Seedlings, shrubs, fruit trees and fertiliser became a big seller in the fast growing town of Whangamata and in fact the wider area of Onemana, Opoutere and Pauanui. John also operated a landscape construction service for bach and home owners, being kept busy collecting dry goods and plants and delivering often to site.
A rock garden was built in the garden centre building which contained John's pet goldfish. This became a drawcard for young visitors with their parents - especially holiday makers. John's talking parrot, Billy, received visits from the hoidaymakers also.
 When John sold Cottage Gardens to Chris Ball in 1999, had also became the longest owner,  boasting 11 years. By then Alan Boulton Home Appliances next door had been bought by Pitcher Electrical  and on the other side a Pizza Restaurant operated by Steve and Liz. By 1994 sections in Whangamata were beginning to be subdivided and also smaller - no longer the " quarter acre" section we knew in New Zealand of the past.
Cottage Gardens  1988 - 1999
In 1999, when Chris Ball took over ownership from John McGaughran, a revamp for a new century and new milennium took place. A new name - Cottage Gardens Plant Boutique - to fit the size of the building and yard. A new seedling bay along with upgrade and paint job on the plant holding beds. Seedlings were contract grown. Along with seedlings, shrubs ( specialising in New Zealand native plants and indoor plants ( mainly cacti and succulents) was added a wider range of patio pots and garden ornaments. This to fit the changing lifestyles of smaller gardens and in the new century timber decks and enhanced patio areas.

New seedling bay Cottage Gardens Plant Boutique  2000  - photo Chris Ball
The range of pet supplies and stockfood made way for live goldfish, fish supplies, water features and water plants. To the range of available garden supplies were added Eco talks. Information on NZ native plants for coastal, organic weed treatments, potting up patio plants and safe use of potting mix. Keeping up with new digital technology in the new milennium  a web site was developed - sharing the plants available and handy hints for care.

Sunflowergrown from seeds popuar with customers - photo Chris Ball
 During this new century and milennium, more sections were subdivided , people capitalising on rising beach property prices. In the main lawns gave way to concrete, including concrete driveways. Planting of palms became very fashionable along with succulents and cacti. By 2005, Port Break -upstairs apartments and shop for 100 % chain below was planned and construction begun. A changing main street of cafes, restaurants and beach clothing shops saw the end of a garden centre after thirty years in the main street. Chris Ball closed in August 2005 and the changing town centre saw firstly in its place for six months a fresh fish shop and then a Sushi restaurant.

Yet for thirty years this garden centre was a relevant part of the past New Zealand history of a small business in a small coastal town of New Zealand. Providing garden supplies for the community of Whangamata, Opoutere, Onemana. Full circle in what is available, there is a new garden centre in Tairua
 ( the next valley over and interlinked with Whangamata History via family and community) This is the Garden Shed opened by Greg Pilcher and guess what - once again, as with Paul Shanks (of Homegrown garden centre and renown surfer) - Greg offers surf board repair and surf board hire.

A new part of our past New Zealand history. For Chris Ball ( previous owner of Cottage Gardens Plant Boutique ) who had his Atlas Wood surfboard of many years past, repaired maybe a new part of history gardening and surfing ? Who knows?

From  Peninsula Whangamata, looking down the coat of the Coromandel's Eastern Seaboard - photo Chris Ball
Reference Sources: